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Sustainability 2016, 8(5), 447; doi:10.3390/su8050447

Evaluating the Influence of Criteria to Attract Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) to Develop Supporting Industries in Vietnam by Utilizing Fuzzy Preference Relations

1
Department of International Business, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, No.415, Chien Kung Road, Sanmin District, Kaohsiung 80778, Taiwan
2
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, No.415, Chien Kung Road, Sanmin District, Kaohsiung 80778, Taiwan
3
Faculty of Economic, Hung Yen University of Technology and Education, Khoai Chau District, Hung Yen Province, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 15 March 2016 / Revised: 18 April 2016 / Accepted: 22 April 2016 / Published: 6 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue How Better Decision-Making Helps to Improve Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [483 KB, uploaded 6 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

In the early 2000s, Vietnam’s government concentrated on the promotion of supporting industries which can be seen as a “key” solution to sustaining economic growth, thereby improving the national welfare. However, Vietnam’s supporting industries still exhibit lower development and competitive weakness. The main reason for this condition is due to a lack of capital, technological innovation, and necessary management skills for development. Therefore, attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) for developing supporting industries offers the best strategy to realize this solution. However, attracting FDI to develop supporting industries represents a weakness which lies in both the quantity (total capital and projects) and quality of investment. So which factors are effective to attract FDI for developing supporting industries in Vietnam? This investigation establishes an analytical hierarchy framework available to the Vietnamese government and to policymakers in order to evaluate the influence of criteria needed to attract FDI for developing supporting industries based on eight main criteria. They include legal and institutional criteria, the market size of supporting industries, human resources, infrastructure facilities, technological development and innovation, domestic supply capacity, international cooperation and competition, and other criteria. This paper uses fuzzy preference relations (FPR) to evaluate the influence of criteria necessary to attract FDI for developing supporting industries, and these analytical results demonstrate that legal and institutional criteria, domestic supply capacity, human resources, technology development and innovation are all major considerations for attracting FDI. View Full-Text
Keywords: attracting FDI; developing supporting industry; fuzzy preference relations attracting FDI; developing supporting industry; fuzzy preference relations
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, T.-C.; Wang, C.-N.; Nguyen, X.H. Evaluating the Influence of Criteria to Attract Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) to Develop Supporting Industries in Vietnam by Utilizing Fuzzy Preference Relations. Sustainability 2016, 8, 447.

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