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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 391; doi:10.3390/su8040391

The Remote Monitoring of Earth’s Atmosphere Based on Operative Processing GNSS Data in the UA-EUPOS/ZAKPOS Network of Active Reference Stations

1
Department of Urban Construction and Management, Uzhhorod National University, 3 Narodna Sq., Uzhhorod 88000, Ukraine
2
Department of Differential Equations and Mathematical Physics, Uzhhorod National University, 3 Narodna Sq., Uzhhorod 88000, Ukraine
3
Terrestrial measurements and Cadastre Department, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, 72 Observatorului street, Cluj-Napoca 400641, Romania
4
Department of Economics and Physics, Northern University Center of Baia-Mare, 76 Victoriei street, Baia Mare 430122, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jamal Jokar Arsanjani and Eric Vaz
Received: 28 January 2016 / Revised: 2 April 2016 / Accepted: 13 April 2016 / Published: 20 April 2016
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Abstract

The system of remote monitoring of atmosphere is designed to obtain information about the state of atmosphere. The principle of the remote monitoring of atmosphere is based on registering and processing GLONASS/GPS radio signals. Modern networks of active reference stations allow us to solve both practical problems of geodesy, navigation, and purely scientific problems that are important in all geosciences. The paper investigates a spatiotemporal instability in the atmosphere, based on 845 temporal measurements of tropospheric delay over the territory covered by 20 active reference stations of the UA-EUPOS/ZAKPOS network. The method elaborated by the authors for the determination of tropospheric delay in the UA-EUPOS/ZAKPOS network in real time takes relief of the region into account. The results are very good, since mapping tropospheric delay can be made with an average RMSE of 1.5 mm. The method developed in this research can be used to improve the quality of weather forecasts and the prevention of natural disasters. View Full-Text
Keywords: tropospheric delay; GNSS meteorology; remote monitoring of the atmosphere; active reference stations; satellite technology; precipitable water vapour tropospheric delay; GNSS meteorology; remote monitoring of the atmosphere; active reference stations; satellite technology; precipitable water vapour
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kablak, N.; Reity, O.; Ştefan, O.; Rădulescu, A.T.G.M.; Rădulescu, C. The Remote Monitoring of Earth’s Atmosphere Based on Operative Processing GNSS Data in the UA-EUPOS/ZAKPOS Network of Active Reference Stations. Sustainability 2016, 8, 391.

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