Input vs. Output Taxation—A DSGE Approach to Modelling Resource Decoupling
AbstractEnvironmental taxes constitute a crucial instrument aimed at reducing resource use through lower production losses, resource-leaner products, and more resource-efficient production processes. In this paper we focus on material use and apply a multi-sector dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model to study two types of taxation: tax on material inputs used by industry, energy, construction, and transport sectors, and tax on output of these sectors. We allow for endogenous adoption of resource-saving technologies. We calibrate the model for the EU27 area using an IO matrix. We consider taxation introduced from 2021 and simulate its impact until 2050. We compare the taxes along their ability to induce reduction in material use and raise revenue. We also consider the effect of spending this revenue on reduction of labour taxation. We find that input and output taxation create contrasting incentives and have opposite effects on resource efficiency. The material input tax induces investment in efficiency-improving technology which, in the long term, results in GDP and employment by 15%–20% higher than in the case of a comparable output tax. We also find that using revenues to reduce taxes on labour has stronger beneficial effects for the input tax. View Full-Text
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Antosiewicz, M.; Lewandowski, P.; Witajewski-Baltvilks, J. Input vs. Output Taxation—A DSGE Approach to Modelling Resource Decoupling. Sustainability 2016, 8, 352.
Antosiewicz M, Lewandowski P, Witajewski-Baltvilks J. Input vs. Output Taxation—A DSGE Approach to Modelling Resource Decoupling. Sustainability. 2016; 8(4):352.Chicago/Turabian Style
Antosiewicz, Marek; Lewandowski, Piotr; Witajewski-Baltvilks, Jan. 2016. "Input vs. Output Taxation—A DSGE Approach to Modelling Resource Decoupling." Sustainability 8, no. 4: 352.