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Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1346; doi:10.3390/su8121346

Neighborhood Built Environments Affecting Social Capital and Social Sustainability in Seoul, Korea

1
Department of Urban Planning and Housing Policy, Gyeonggi Research Institute, 1150 Gyeongsu-daero, Jangan-gu, Suwon 16207, Korea
2
Department of Urban Planning and Engineering, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 04763, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 12 September 2016 / Accepted: 4 November 2016 / Published: 21 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2230 KB, uploaded 21 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

This study investigates the theoretical causal relationships among neighborhood built environments, social capital and social sustainability using structural equation modeling (SEM), through a case study in Seoul, Korea. The dataset consisted of responses from a questionnaire survey completed by 500 respondents. Neighborhood built environments were also objectively measured by GIS analysis, using a 250-m buffer based on the home addresses of the respondents. A total of four latent variables of the neighborhood physical environments were used in the model: perceived neighborhood environment, characteristics of the residential area, land use diversity and accessibility to parks and sport facilities. Respondents’ demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were also considered in the model. The results of the analysis indicate that there is a statistically significant causal relationship among neighborhood physical environment, social capital and social sustainability. The results also suggest that neighborhood-level spatial and non-spatial factors can influence the formation of social capital that affects social sustainability. Moreover, this result indicates the possibility that urban spatial planning can play a critical role in social issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: neighborhood built environment; social capital; social sustainability; structural equation modeling neighborhood built environment; social capital; social sustainability; structural equation modeling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yoo, C.; Lee, S. Neighborhood Built Environments Affecting Social Capital and Social Sustainability in Seoul, Korea. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1346.

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