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Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1324; doi:10.3390/su8121324

Ground Water Modelling for the Restoration of Carex Communities on a Sandy River Terrace

1
Laboratory-Water Center, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Ciszewskiego Str. 6, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
2
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska Str. 159, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
3
Forest Research Institute, Braci Leśnej Str. 3, Sękocin Stary, 05-090 Raszyn, Poland
4
Faculty of Building Services, Hydro and Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Nowowiejska Str. 20, 00-653 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 31 August 2016 / Revised: 6 December 2016 / Accepted: 7 December 2016 / Published: 15 December 2016
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Abstract

Management for sustainable river valleys requires balancing their natural values against the need for agricultural and recreational development on surrounding lands. The Southern Całowanie Peatland near the city of Warsaw sits on a sandy terrace and has well preserved Carex and Molinia stands existing in part of the area, especially where water tables are less than 1.5 m below the surface. The existing drainage network in this southern part has been poorly maintained and could be reestablished to help raise water levels for restoration of the peatland. Modflow was used to look at influence of drainage channel water levels on the overall water table height in the area. By raising water levels in the drainage system by 0.5 m it was found that 29% of the area would become suitable for increasing Carex and Molinia communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: wetlands restoration; wetlands hydrology; modelling; ecosystem protection; flooding terrace wetlands restoration; wetlands hydrology; modelling; ecosystem protection; flooding terrace
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Brandyk, A.; Majewski, G.; Kiczko, A.; Boczoń, A.; Wróbel, M.; Porretta-Tomaszewska, P. Ground Water Modelling for the Restoration of Carex Communities on a Sandy River Terrace. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1324.

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