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Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1293; doi:10.3390/su8121293

Urban Big Data and Sustainable Development Goals: Challenges and Opportunities

1,2,* , 3
and
4,5
1
Graduate School of Public Policy, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
2
Advanced Systems Analysis Group, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg A-2361, Austria
3
Division of Applied Social Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
4
Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
5
ICSU-UNU-IAMP Programme on Urban Health and Wellbeing, Xiamen 361021, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 1 September 2016 / Revised: 26 November 2016 / Accepted: 30 November 2016 / Published: 9 December 2016
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Abstract

Cities are perhaps one of the most challenging and yet enabling arenas for sustainable development goals. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) emphasize the need to monitor each goal through objective targets and indicators based on common denominators in the ability of countries to collect and maintain relevant standardized data. While this approach is aimed at harmonizing the SDGs at the national level, it presents unique challenges and opportunities for the development of innovative urban-level metrics through big data innovations. In this article, we make the case for advancing more innovative targets and indicators relevant to the SDGs through the emergence of urban big data. We believe that urban policy-makers are faced with unique opportunities to develop, experiment, and advance big data practices relevant to sustainable development. This can be achieved by situating the application of big data innovations through developing mayoral institutions for the governance of urban big data, advancing the culture and common skill sets for applying urban big data, and investing in specialized research and education programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban big data; sustainable development goals; big data public policy; SDG targets and indicators; big data research and education urban big data; sustainable development goals; big data public policy; SDG targets and indicators; big data research and education
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kharrazi, A.; Qin, H.; Zhang, Y. Urban Big Data and Sustainable Development Goals: Challenges and Opportunities. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1293.

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