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Sustainability 2016, 8(10), 979; doi:10.3390/su8100979

Effects of Nuclear Energy on Sustainable Development and Energy Security: Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Case

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, Ajou University, Wonchen-dong, Youngtong-gu, Suwon 442-749, Korea
2
Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Dongguk University, Pil-dong, 3 ga, Joong-gu, Seoul 100-715, Korea
3
Department of Systems Engineering Management, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066, Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon 440-746, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Kusiak
Received: 26 July 2016 / Revised: 22 September 2016 / Accepted: 22 September 2016 / Published: 29 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [622 KB, uploaded 29 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

We propose a stepwise method of selecting appropriate indicators to measure effects of a specific nuclear energy option on sustainable development and energy security, and also to compare an energy option with another. Focusing on the sodium-cooled fast reactor, one of the highlighted Generation IV reactors, we measure and compare its effects with the standard pressurized water reactor-based nuclear power, and then with coal power. Collecting 36 indicators, five experts select seven key indicators to meet data availability, nuclear energy relevancy, comparability among energy options, and fit with Korean energy policy objectives. The results show that sodium-cooled fast reactors is a better alternative than existing nuclear power as well as coal electricity generation across social, economic and environmental dimensions. Our method makes comparison between energy alternatives easier, thereby clarifying consequences of different energy policy decisions. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; energy security; sodium-cooled fast reactor; nuclear energy; coal electricity generation sustainable development; energy security; sodium-cooled fast reactor; nuclear energy; coal electricity generation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lee, S.; Yoon, B.; Shin, J. Effects of Nuclear Energy on Sustainable Development and Energy Security: Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Case. Sustainability 2016, 8, 979.

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