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Sustainability 2016, 8(10), 1057; doi:10.3390/su8101057

Sustainability and EMAS: Impact of Motivations and Barriers on the Perceived Benefits from the Adoption of Standards

1
Accounting and Financial Economy Department, Faculty of Finance, Business and Tourism, University of Extremadura, 10071 Caceres, Spain
2
Business Organisation and Marketing Department, Faculty of Business Administration and Tourism, University of Vigo, 32004 Ourense, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 28 July 2016 / Revised: 30 September 2016 / Accepted: 13 October 2016 / Published: 20 October 2016
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Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyze the influence of the sources of motivation that lead companies to adopt a global standard of the Environmental Management System and the barriers found in the process, on the perceived benefits of the implementation and certification of the standard. To achieve the objectives proposed, primary data were collected using a survey questionnaire that was administered to a representative sample of companies certified as EMAS-Eco-Management and Audit Scheme of the Autonomous Community of Galicia (sample of 114 of the 255 companies). An extensive review of the academic literature published on ISO 14001 and EMAS about motivations, barriers and benefits was carried out in order to establish the working hypotheses that are analyzed using structural equation models as the statistical tool. The findings of this study show that the motivations positively affect the benefits derived from implementation, noting that the internal motivations (related to efficiency; improved performance, productivity and profitability) have a stronger influence on the benefits than the external motivations (related to stakeholders’ social pressure). In addition, the motivations also affect the perceived barriers, and these affect the benefits negatively, i.e., the higher the barriers encountered, the lower the perceived benefits. The results obtained allow us to identify important implications for managers, which will help them establish management strategies in the field of environmental management. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental management; sustainability; EMAS III; motives; barriers; benefits; Spain environmental management; sustainability; EMAS III; motives; barriers; benefits; Spain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Álvarez-García, J.; del RíoRama, M.C. Sustainability and EMAS: Impact of Motivations and Barriers on the Perceived Benefits from the Adoption of Standards. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1057.

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