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Sustainability 2016, 8(10), 1022; doi:10.3390/su8101022

The Urban Transition Performance of Resource-Based Cities in Northeast China

1
Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130002, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Patricia Romero-Lankao, Olga Wilhelmi and Mary Hayden
Received: 21 July 2016 / Revised: 7 September 2016 / Accepted: 29 September 2016 / Published: 13 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Resilience and Urban Sustainability: From Research to Practice)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2891 KB, uploaded 13 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

Resource-based cities face unique challenges when undergoing urban transitions because their non-renewable resources will eventually be exhausted. In this article, we introduce a new method of evaluating the urban transition performance of resource-based cities from economic, social and eco-environmental perspectives. A total of 19 resource-based cities in Northeast China are studied from 2003 to 2012. The results show that resource-based cities in Jilin and Liaoning provinces performed better than those in Heilongjiang province. Liaoyuan, Songyuan and Baishan were ranked as the top three resource-based cities; and Jixi, Yichun and Heihe were ranked last. Multi-resource and petroleum resource-based cities performed better than coal and forestry resource-based cities. We also analyzed the factors influencing urban transition performance using the method of the geographic detector. We found that capital input, road density and location advantage had the greatest effects on urban transition performance, followed by urban scale, remaining resources and the level of sustainable development; supporting policies and labor input had the smallest effects. Based on these insights, we have formulated several recommendations to facilitate urban transitions in China’s resource-based cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: resource-based cities; urban transition; assessment of performance; old industrial base in Northeast China resource-based cities; urban transition; assessment of performance; old industrial base in Northeast China
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tan, J.; Zhang, P.; Lo, K.; Li, J.; Liu, S. The Urban Transition Performance of Resource-Based Cities in Northeast China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1022.

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