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Sustainability 2016, 8(1), 65; doi:10.3390/su8010065

Walkability, Land Use and Physical Activity

1
Department of Geography, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
2
Department of Sociology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 4 October 2015 / Revised: 5 January 2016 / Accepted: 6 January 2016 / Published: 11 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Land and Sustainable Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2994 KB, uploaded 11 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

Physical activity (PA) promotes healthy life and contributes to sustainable development. In this paper, we rely on the Utah Household Travel Survey data and analyze the determinants of PA in terms of neighborhood land use, accessibility to transportation, and socio-demographic status in Salt Lake County, Utah, United States using four-component walkability indices at various geographic scales. We find that PA is associated with neighborhood land use and social demographic status, including the compact design of the neighborhood. The results also indicate that land use mix is insignificant, and that current neighborhood design only supports people’s 20-min walk. The spatial lag model reveals significant spatial autocorrelation of PA but the barely improved R2 validates the dominant effect of neighborhood land use and social demographic status on people’s walking behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: walkability; land use; physical activity; spatial regression; Salt Lake County walkability; land use; physical activity; spatial regression; Salt Lake County
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wei, Y.D.; Xiao, W.; Wen, M.; Wei, R. Walkability, Land Use and Physical Activity. Sustainability 2016, 8, 65.

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