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Sustainability 2016, 8(1), 16; doi:10.3390/su8010016

Urban Land Expansion and Sustainable Land Use Policy in Shenzhen: A Case Study of China’s Rapid Urbanization

1,2,3
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1,2,3
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4
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1,3
and
1,3,*
1
School of Resource and Environmental Science, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
2
Shenzhen Urban Planning and Land Resource Research Center, 8009 Hongli Road, Shenzhen 518040, China
3
Key Laboratory of GIS, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
4
College of Public Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, 1 Shizishan Street, Wuhan 430070, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yehua Dennis Wei
Received: 16 October 2015 / Revised: 18 December 2015 / Accepted: 21 December 2015 / Published: 24 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Land and Sustainable Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5259 KB, uploaded 24 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

Shenzhen is a city that is highly representative of China’s rapid urbanization process. As the city rapidly expands, there are enormous challenges to the sustainable use of land resources. This paper introduces the evolution of urban land expansion and the sustainable land use policy of the Shenzhen Government since 2005. The policy covers the reduction in rural-to-urban land conversion, the delineation of urban growth boundaries, arable land reclamation and the establishment of farmland protection areas, urban redevelopment, and the investigation and prosecution of illegal construction. This paper considers the aspects of urbanization and land management systems that are unique to China. The current top-down indicative and mandatory mode of control, which relies on the central government, has very limited effects. Good results were achieved in Shenzhen for the following elements: governmental self-restraint, governmental identity change, and policy innovation. Shenzhen’s sustainable land use practices can provide a reference for other cities in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban land expansion; urbanization; land use policy; sustainable development; Shenzhen; China urban land expansion; urbanization; land use policy; sustainable development; Shenzhen; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Qian, J.; Peng, Y.; Luo, C.; Wu, C.; Du, Q. Urban Land Expansion and Sustainable Land Use Policy in Shenzhen: A Case Study of China’s Rapid Urbanization. Sustainability 2016, 8, 16.

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