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Sustainability 2016, 8(1), 101; doi:10.3390/su8010101

Factors Influencing Museum Sustainability and Indicators for Museum Sustainability Measurement

Economics and Business Administration, Babeş-Bolyai University, Strada Teodor Mihali, Nr. 58-60, Cluj-Napoca 400591, Romania
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Ioppolo
Received: 27 October 2015 / Revised: 14 January 2016 / Accepted: 15 January 2016 / Published: 21 January 2016
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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to identify the factors upon which museum sustainability depends and the way in which this can be measured. Methodologically, we applied a qualitative research approach, using semi-structured interviews with experts from the Romanian museum sector, complemented by an in-depth study of the literature in this field. Results indicated that any objective measuring of sustainability must take into account the size of a museum’s collections and its organizational structure. It was also found that museum type can affect sustainability via its competitive advantage. However, the sustainability of a museum is not strictly determined by these factors, but also by the management and marketing strategies applied. Based on analysis of literature- and respondent-based factors influencing sustainability, this article proposes a set of 33 indicators that can be used by museums to measure their sustainability, as well as a model that enables evaluation of the sustainability levels of various museums comparatively, regardless of their type, size or importance (e.g., national, regional and local). The results obtained are useful both from a theoretical point of view, given that there are few writings on this topic, and from a practical point of view, as they provide a basis for a clear, objective model of museum sustainability measurement. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; sustainable development; museums; indicators; performance; measuring model sustainability; sustainable development; museums; indicators; performance; measuring model
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pop, I.L.; Borza, A. Factors Influencing Museum Sustainability and Indicators for Museum Sustainability Measurement. Sustainability 2016, 8, 101.

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