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Sustainability 2015, 7(9), 12758-12786; doi:10.3390/su70912758

Adaptation to the Impacts of Climate Extremes in Central Europe: A Case Study in a Rural Area in the Czech Republic

1
Geographic Migration Centre, Department of Social Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha 2, Czech Republic
2
Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Drobného 28, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic
3
Department of Development Studies, Faculty of Science, Palacky University Olomouc, 17. listopadu 12, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic
4
Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Masaryk University, Lipová 41a, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic
5
Department of Informatics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rafael D’Almeida Martins
Received: 31 May 2015 / Revised: 23 August 2015 / Accepted: 8 September 2015 / Published: 17 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability Strategies to Adapt to Climate Change)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [674 KB, uploaded 17 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

The primary objective of this paper is to analyse households’ adaptation measures to the impacts of repeated extreme weather events, specifically floods, which belong amongst the most serious manifestation of ongoing climate change in Europe. The case study focuses on a rural area in the north-east part of the Czech Republic, in the catchment basin of the Bečva River. A total of 605 households were addressed within the framework of the questionnaire survey. On the basis of the conducted research, we determined that the total amount of adaptation measures adopted by those dwelling in residential homes within the investigated catchment area was relatively low. In contrast, however, one of the most important adaptation measures—house elevation—was applied by 46.94% of the houses (up to 1 m) and by 21.16% houses (elevated more than 1 m) respectively. We also found that the amount and scope of adaptation measures realized by households were influenced by certain socio-demographic factors of the inhabitants. The most statistically significant factors included households with more residents or families with more children living in the household, as well as those with a higher level of education. Flood experience, the level of damage, and individual flood risk perception also played an important role. View Full-Text
Keywords: households; adaptation; climate extremes; floods; the Czech Republic; Bečva River; social inequality; risk management; flood risk perception households; adaptation; climate extremes; floods; the Czech Republic; Bečva River; social inequality; risk management; flood risk perception
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Stojanov, R.; Duží, B.; Daněk, T.; Němec, D.; Procházka, D. Adaptation to the Impacts of Climate Extremes in Central Europe: A Case Study in a Rural Area in the Czech Republic. Sustainability 2015, 7, 12758-12786.

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