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Sustainability 2015, 7(9), 11438-11461; doi:10.3390/su70911438

Application of Environmental Input-Output Analysis for Corporate and Product Environmental Footprints—Learnings from Three Cases

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
2
NIRAS, 3450 Allerød, Denmark
3
LCA Consultants, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 12 June 2015 / Revised: 29 July 2015 / Accepted: 13 August 2015 / Published: 25 August 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1862 KB, uploaded 25 August 2015]   |  

Abstract

An increasing number of companies are expanding their environmental impact reduction targets and strategies to include their supply chains or whole product life cycles. In this paper, we demonstrate and evaluate an approach, where we used a hybrid Environmental Input-Output (EIO) database as a basis for corporate and product environmental footprint accounts, including the entire supply chain. We present three cases, where this approach was applied. Case study 1 describes the creation of total corporate carbon footprint accounts for three Danish regional healthcare organisations. In case study 2, the approach was used as basis for an Environmental Profit and Loss account for the healthcare company, Novo Nordisk A/S. Case study 3 used the approach for life cycle assessment of a tanker ship. We conclude that EIO-based analyses offer a holistic view of environmental performance, provide a foundation for decision-making within reasonable time and cost, and for companies with a large upstream environmental footprint, the analysis supports advancing their sustainability agenda to include supply chain impacts. However, there are implications when going from screening to implementing the results, including how to measure and monitor the effect of the different actions. Thus, future research should include more detailed models to support decision-making. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental footprint; carbon footprint; life cycle assessment; hybrid environmental input-output database; sustainable business development; green supply chain; environmental profit and loss; natural capital accounting environmental footprint; carbon footprint; life cycle assessment; hybrid environmental input-output database; sustainable business development; green supply chain; environmental profit and loss; natural capital accounting
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kjaer, L.L.; Høst-Madsen, N.K.; Schmidt, J.H.; McAloone, T.C. Application of Environmental Input-Output Analysis for Corporate and Product Environmental Footprints—Learnings from Three Cases. Sustainability 2015, 7, 11438-11461.

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