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Sustainability 2015, 7(7), 8904-8933; doi:10.3390/su7078904

Minor Millets as a Central Element for Sustainably Enhanced Incomes, Empowerment, and Nutrition in Rural India

1
Bioversity International, via dei Tre Denari 472/a, 00057 Maccarese, Italy
2
Asia-Pacific Association of Agricultural Research Institutions (APAARI), New Delhi 110034, India
3
Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai 600097, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 10 February 2015 / Revised: 20 May 2015 / Accepted: 23 June 2015 / Published: 8 July 2015
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Abstract

Minor millets comprise a group of cereal species that are genetically diverse and adapted to a range of marginal growing conditions where major cereals such as wheat, rice, and maize are relatively unsuccessful. Millets require few inputs and withstand severe biotic and abiotic stresses. They are also more nutritious than major cereals. Despite these advantages, neglect in several arenas has resulted in a steady decline in the cultivation of minor millets in India over the past few decades. As part of a United Nations global project on underutilized species, we undertook action research intended to stem the decline in cultivation and enhance the conservation and use of minor millets in 753 households spread across 34 villages in four states of India. Our aim was to improve incomes, nutritional status, and empowerment, especially for women. Overall, our holistic approach to mainstreaming species such as finger millet, little millet, foxtail millet, and barnyard millet indicates that these neglected and underutilized species can play a strategic role in improving many dimensions of livelihoods. View Full-Text
Keywords: neglected and underutilized species (NUS); nutrition; holistic approach; female empowerment; resilience; participatory variety selection (PVS); value chain neglected and underutilized species (NUS); nutrition; holistic approach; female empowerment; resilience; participatory variety selection (PVS); value chain
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Padulosi, S.; Mal, B.; King, O.I.; Gotor, E. Minor Millets as a Central Element for Sustainably Enhanced Incomes, Empowerment, and Nutrition in Rural India. Sustainability 2015, 7, 8904-8933.

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