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Sustainability 2015, 7(7), 8748-8767; doi:10.3390/su7078748

Is South Korea’s Green Job Policy Sustainable?

Center for German and European Studies, Chung-Ang University, Hekseok-ro 84, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-756, Korea
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 19 May 2015 / Revised: 1 July 2015 / Accepted: 2 July 2015 / Published: 6 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Social Ecology and Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [694 KB, uploaded 6 July 2015]


South Korea’s green job policy was implemented in February 2008 as a part of low-carbon green growth policy, but has been discontinued at the present. The country’s actual energy and environmental consumption has continuously increased, and South Korean society has grown increasingly distant from sustainable development. The study constructs a theoretical framework centering on sustainable development and analyzes the process and contents of South Korea’s green job policy. We suggest four findings: First, in terms of ideology, the nation’s green job policy was based on green growth. Implemented as a strategy typical of developing countries, South Korea’s green growth was pursued as weak ecological modernization, relatively stressing economic growth and excluding citizens’ participation. Second, in terms of governance, the nation’s green job policy was led by the central government, thus nearly completely destroying existing legal and institutional infrastructures related to sustainable development. Third, South Korea’s green job policy was defined on the basis of a growth orientation and concentrated on the Four Major Rivers Restoration Project and the NPP project, both of which betrayed considerable problems from the perspective of sustainable development. Fourth, green jobs were created in traditional environmental protection and pollution reduction and therefore limited. View Full-Text
Keywords: green jobs; green growth; sustainable development; ecological modernization; green economy; green new deal green jobs; green growth; sustainable development; ecological modernization; green economy; green new deal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jung, Y.-M. Is South Korea’s Green Job Policy Sustainable? Sustainability 2015, 7, 8748-8767.

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