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Sustainability 2015, 7(6), 7492-7511; doi:10.3390/su7067492

Environmental and Social Sustainability of the Proximity Waste Collection System: A Case-Study Evaluation at an Italian Local Scale

DISBeF-Department of Basic Sciences and Foundations, University of Urbino "Carlo Bo", Campus Scientifico "E. Mattei", Urbino I-61029, Italy
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Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 7 February 2015 / Revised: 23 May 2015 / Accepted: 1 June 2015 / Published: 11 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability of Resources)
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Abstract

In an urban or suburban area, the sustainability of a waste management process is expected to be closely related to the territorial context and the local citizens’ behaviour. From this perspective, the implementation of the peculiar proximity waste collection system in a small town in Central Italy (San Costanzo) was considered. As compared to the previous road collection system in the same municipality, its environmental performance in terms of Source Separation Level (SSL), Waste Generation or Collection Rate (WGR or WCR) and Interception Rate (IR) was evaluated. An original analysis of the citizens’ monthly frequency and of their participation rate both in relation to the setting out of the Unsorted Residual Waste (URW) was also carried out. Following the full implementation of the new waste collection scheme, the SSL achieved almost 79%, the WCR of the URW decreased by about 82% and the most IR values resulted above 83%. From a social point of view, the study further highlighted that, with the new waste collection scheme active, more than 50% of users were accustomed to set out the URW at most 5 times per month and the corresponding participation rate to set out the URW was around 62%. View Full-Text
Keywords: separate collection; proximity collection scheme; citizens’ behavior; source separation level; waste generation rate; waste collection rate; interception rate separate collection; proximity collection scheme; citizens’ behavior; source separation level; waste generation rate; waste collection rate; interception rate
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Carchesio, M.; Tatàno, F.; Goffi, M.; Radi, M. Environmental and Social Sustainability of the Proximity Waste Collection System: A Case-Study Evaluation at an Italian Local Scale. Sustainability 2015, 7, 7492-7511.

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