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Sustainability 2015, 7(6), 6553-6572; doi:10.3390/su7066553

Risks of Coastal Storm Surge and the Effect of Sea Level Rise in the Red River Delta, Vietnam

Industrial Economics, 2067 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02140, USA
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wisdom Akpalu
Received: 13 February 2015 / Revised: 17 May 2015 / Accepted: 19 May 2015 / Published: 26 May 2015
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This paper considers the impact of sea level rise and storm surge on the Red River delta region of Vietnam. Permanently inundated lands and temporary flood zones are analyzed by combining sea level rise scenarios for 2050 with simulated storm surge levels for the 100-year event. Our analysis finds that sea level rise through 2050 could increase the effective frequency of the current 100-year storm surge, which is associated with a storm surge of roughly five meters, to once every 49 years. Approximately 10% of the Hanoi region’s GDP is vulnerable to permanent inundation due to sea level rise, and more than 40% is vulnerable to periodic storm surge damage consistent with the current 100-year storm. We conclude that coastal adaptation measures, such as a planned retreat from the sea, and construction of a more substantial seawall and dike system, are needed to respond to these threats. View Full-Text
Keywords: sea level rise; storm surge; tropical cyclone risk; flood risk; South East Asia sea level rise; storm surge; tropical cyclone risk; flood risk; South East Asia

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Neumann, J.E.; Emanuel, K.A.; Ravela, S.; Ludwig, L.C.; Verly, C. Risks of Coastal Storm Surge and the Effect of Sea Level Rise in the Red River Delta, Vietnam. Sustainability 2015, 7, 6553-6572.

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