Next Article in Journal
Farmer’s Knowledge and Perception of Diversified Farming Systems in Sub-Humid and Semi-Arid Areas in Benin
Next Article in Special Issue
Modeling Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources and Agriculture Demand in the Volta Basin and other Basin Systems in Ghana
Previous Article in Journal
The State of Soil Degradation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Baselines, Trajectories, and Solutions
Previous Article in Special Issue
Climate Variability and Household Adaptation Strategies in Southern Ethiopia
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2015, 7(6), 6553-6572; doi:10.3390/su7066553

Risks of Coastal Storm Surge and the Effect of Sea Level Rise in the Red River Delta, Vietnam

1
Industrial Economics, 2067 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02140, USA
2
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wisdom Akpalu
Received: 13 February 2015 / Revised: 17 May 2015 / Accepted: 19 May 2015 / Published: 26 May 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5558 KB, uploaded 26 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

This paper considers the impact of sea level rise and storm surge on the Red River delta region of Vietnam. Permanently inundated lands and temporary flood zones are analyzed by combining sea level rise scenarios for 2050 with simulated storm surge levels for the 100-year event. Our analysis finds that sea level rise through 2050 could increase the effective frequency of the current 100-year storm surge, which is associated with a storm surge of roughly five meters, to once every 49 years. Approximately 10% of the Hanoi region’s GDP is vulnerable to permanent inundation due to sea level rise, and more than 40% is vulnerable to periodic storm surge damage consistent with the current 100-year storm. We conclude that coastal adaptation measures, such as a planned retreat from the sea, and construction of a more substantial seawall and dike system, are needed to respond to these threats. View Full-Text
Keywords: sea level rise; storm surge; tropical cyclone risk; flood risk; South East Asia sea level rise; storm surge; tropical cyclone risk; flood risk; South East Asia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Neumann, J.E.; Emanuel, K.A.; Ravela, S.; Ludwig, L.C.; Verly, C. Risks of Coastal Storm Surge and the Effect of Sea Level Rise in the Red River Delta, Vietnam. Sustainability 2015, 7, 6553-6572.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top