Next Article in Journal
Monitor Soil Degradation or Triage for Soil Security? An Australian Challenge
Previous Article in Journal
The Influence of Green Viral Communications on Green Purchase Intentions: The Mediating Role of Consumers’ Susceptibility to Interpersonal Influences
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2015, 7(5), 4850-4869; doi:10.3390/su7054850

Household Livelihood Strategies and Dependence on Agriculture in the Mountainous Settlements in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, China

1,2,†
,
1,†
,
3,†
,
1,†,* , 1,2,†
,
1,2
and
1,2
1
Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences & Ministry of Water Conservancy, #9, Block 4, Renminnan Road, Chengdu 610041, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China
3
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Khumaltar, G.P.O. Box 3226, Lalitpur, Kathmandu 44700, Nepal
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 5 January 2015 / Revised: 14 April 2015 / Accepted: 20 April 2015 / Published: 23 April 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [858 KB, uploaded 23 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

This study explores the extent to which farmers in the Three Gorges Reservoir area remain highly dependent on agriculture despite rapid urbanization and industrialization. The study focuses on the factors that determine a household’s choice of livelihood strategy, with a particular focus on the production of and dependence on agricultural products. Using a sustainable livelihoods approach and survey data from farmers in the Three Gorges Reservoir area in China, the study provides a descriptive statistical analysis and ordinal logistic regression model that shows that close to 56% of households exhibit a low dependence on agriculture. The following variables had a significant influence on livelihood strategy: the maximum years of education of any household member; the age of the household head; the number of laborers in a household; household location; and formal and informal social networks. Regardless of whether the household had children, house value and fixed assets had no significant influence on livelihood strategy. According to the analysis results, we put forward the suggestions that government departments increase investment in infrastructure and make loan policies more favorable for farmers so as to encourage rural able-person to use their social networks to actively establish businesses at migrant destinations. View Full-Text
Keywords: farmers’ sustainable livelihood; agricultural collection; ordinal logistic regression model; rural households; China farmers’ sustainable livelihood; agricultural collection; ordinal logistic regression model; rural households; China
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, D.; Zhang, J.; Rasul, G.; Liu, S.; Xie, F.; Cao, M.; Liu, E. Household Livelihood Strategies and Dependence on Agriculture in the Mountainous Settlements in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, China. Sustainability 2015, 7, 4850-4869.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top