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Sustainability 2015, 7(2), 1970-1984; doi:10.3390/su7021970

Sustainable Development for Solar Heating Systems in Taiwan

1,†
,
2,†
and
1,†,*
1
Energy Research Center, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan
2
Department of Accounting Information, Tainan University of Technology, No. 529, Zhongzheng Road, Yongkang District, Tainan 710, Taiwan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rachel J. C. Chen
Received: 8 January 2015 / Accepted: 6 February 2015 / Published: 12 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Business and Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1020 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

In response to the impact of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, developing and using renewable energy sources and technologies have become vital for managing energy supply and demand in Taiwan. The long-term subsidy programs (1986–1991, 2000–present) for solar water heaters (SWHs) launched by the Taiwanese government constitute the main driving force for market expansion. By the end of 2013, the cumulative area of installed solar collectors was 2.27 million m2. Approximately 0.3 million systems (or 1.545 million m2) are in operation. This corresponds to an annual collector yield of 0.92 TWh, which is equivalent to savings of 98.7 thousand tons of oil and 319 thousand tons of CO2,eq. The market-driven mechanism is associated with cost-to-benefit ratios, construction businesses, types of building architecture, degree of urbanization and household composition. The strong wind load of typhoons is another major concern. For sustaining the solar thermal industry in Taiwan, the dominant factor for disseminating SWHs in metropolitan areas involves developing building-integrated solar thermal systems. Alternative financial incentives are required for industrial heating processes in the commercial sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; solar heating system; subsidy; economic feasibility renewable energy; solar heating system; subsidy; economic feasibility
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chang, K.-C.; Lin, W.-M.; Chung, K.-M. Sustainable Development for Solar Heating Systems in Taiwan. Sustainability 2015, 7, 1970-1984.

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