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Sustainability 2015, 7(10), 13777-13812; doi:10.3390/su71013777

Measurement and Sustainability of the Qualifications Frameworks in the European Higher Education Area through an Employment Survey on Access to the Labour Market

1
Market Research and Quantitative Methods Department, ESIC Business and Marketing School, Madrid 28223, Spain
2
Department of Applied Economics and Statistics, Faculty of Economics and Business Sciences, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid 28040, Spain
3
Technology Department, ESIC Business and Marketing School, Madrid 28223, Spain
4
Departamento Economía Aplicada I e Historia e Instituciones Económicas y Filosofía Moral, Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos URJC, Madrid 28933, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 14 July 2015 / Revised: 25 September 2015 / Accepted: 29 September 2015 / Published: 13 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Education and Approaches)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1257 KB, uploaded 13 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

There is a clear need to measure the correct implementation of the European Framework through the employability of the alumni. The evaluation of the deployment of the Qualifications Frameworks in the European Higher Education Area (QF-EHEA/QF) should shed significant light on the action that must be taken by legislators and higher education managers to foster employability and guarantee the sustainability of the EHEA. We propose a methodology based on a Survey on Access to the Labour Market (SALM) to assess the correlation between the education provided to the students and the practical utility of the knowledge acquired in the workplace. A questionnaire has been produced to measure the competencies and descriptors that had been theoretically defined within the QF-EHEA. Fifteen questions were disguised so that the six QF-EHEA descriptors were quantified through the difference between education and utility. The quantification methodology for the framework has been tested successfully on the former students of a higher education center in Spain. In this center, the alumni perceived that the utility of their acquired competencies and their employability level was greater than their education content, while both levels were reasonably high. The results hold for both Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees. View Full-Text
Keywords: competencies and descriptors; graduate in higher education; undergraduate; graduate satisfaction; higher education; qualifications; industry requirements competencies and descriptors; graduate in higher education; undergraduate; graduate satisfaction; higher education; qualifications; industry requirements
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Serrano, G.; Llamazares, F.; Otamendi, F.J. Measurement and Sustainability of the Qualifications Frameworks in the European Higher Education Area through an Employment Survey on Access to the Labour Market. Sustainability 2015, 7, 13777-13812.

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