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Sustainability 2015, 7(10), 13690-13712; doi:10.3390/su71013690

Open Space Evaluation Methodology and Three Dimensional Evaluation Model as a Base for Sustainable Development Tracking

University of Maribor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Transportation Engineering and Architecture, Smetanova ulica 17, Maribor 2000, Slovenia
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 25 July 2015 / Accepted: 25 September 2015 / Published: 10 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
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Abstract

Sustainable development, as a concept of controlled development, is a management characteristic. Adaptation to progress is important to achieve sustainability. The research focus here is on developing an evaluation methodology for determining the characteristics of urban open space. A method was designed for use in the comparative analysis of environmental perception evaluation between different time sequences. It allows us to compare results before and after spatial interventions or spatial development tracking over time. The newly-developed SEC model (suitable for everyone, environmentally-accepted, and cost-effective) was an essential element used in the research methodology. The model was designed using the systematic principle, the top–down approach, and the decomposition method. Three basic dimensions were divided into six factors. Factors were divided into eighteen indicators that are either quantitatively or qualitatively assessed. Indicators were divided into several aspects. An instrument (questionnaire) was developed to support the evaluation methodology of urban open space characteristics. Every aspect belongs to a question in the questionnaire. The applicability of the SEC model was demonstrated in two case studies. Evaluation took place during two different time sequences, once during the day-time and once during the night. Obtained results provide useful information of the current spatial situation needed for sustainable development strategy preparation. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban environment; visual perception; evaluation methodology; SEC model; development tracking urban environment; visual perception; evaluation methodology; SEC model; development tracking
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cafuta, M.R. Open Space Evaluation Methodology and Three Dimensional Evaluation Model as a Base for Sustainable Development Tracking. Sustainability 2015, 7, 13690-13712.

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