Next Article in Journal
Decision Making on Allocating Urban Green Spaces Based upon Spatially-Varying Relationships between Urban Green Spaces and Urban Compaction Degree
Next Article in Special Issue
Comparative Analysis of Material Criteria in Neighborhood Sustainability Assessment Tools and Urban Design Guidelines: Cases of the UK, the US, Japan, and Korea
Previous Article in Journal
LEED Credit Review System and Optimization Model for Pursuing LEED Certification
Previous Article in Special Issue
Designing an Optimal Subsidy Scheme to Reduce Emissions for a Competitive Urban Transport Market
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2015, 7(10), 13378-13398; doi:10.3390/su71013378

Quantitative Analysis of Urban Pluvial Flood Alleviation by Open Surface Water Systems in New Towns: Comparing Almere and Tianjin Eco-City

1,2,* , 3
and
4
1
School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China
2
Key Laboratory of Eco Planning and Green Building (Tsinghua University), Ministry of Education, 100084 Beijing, China
3
Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Delft University of Technology, P.O. Box 5043, 2600 GA Delft, The Netherlands
4
Tsinghua Tongheng Urban Planning and Design Institute, 100085 Beijing, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thorsten Schuetze
Received: 5 July 2015 / Revised: 13 September 2015 / Accepted: 22 September 2015 / Published: 29 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Towards True Smart and Green Cities?)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4423 KB, uploaded 29 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Increased surface runoff generated in urban areas due to larger proportion of impervious surfaces has, in many cases, exceeded the capacity of urban drainage systems. In response to such challenge, this paper introduces the quantitative analysis of pluvial flood alleviation by open surface water systems in the case of Almere in the Netherlands and compares it with Tianjin Eco-City in China, with the aim of optimizing land use planning and urban design for new urban districts. The methodology is a combination of quantitative and qualitative analysis. With the analytical tool of ArcGIS, the authors have investigated the influence of spatial distribution of surface water system on the reduction of pluvial flood risks. The conclusions include some preliminary principles: (1) a densely distributed surface water network is preferable; (2) areas farther away from water body require water sensitive spatial intervention; and (3) optimizing the allocation of different types of ground surface could contribute to pluvial flood alleviation. An alternative design proposal for a typical urban block in Tianjin Eco-City has been put forward to illustrate these principles. View Full-Text
Keywords: Pluvial flood; runoff coefficient; surface water; ground surface Pluvial flood; runoff coefficient; surface water; ground surface
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, Z.; Qu, L.; Zou, T. Quantitative Analysis of Urban Pluvial Flood Alleviation by Open Surface Water Systems in New Towns: Comparing Almere and Tianjin Eco-City. Sustainability 2015, 7, 13378-13398.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top