Social Security Individual Accounts in China: Toward Sustainability in Individual Account Financing
AbstractChina has both mandatory and voluntary individual account pensions that are provided through the government. The experience of China makes a particularly interesting case study concerning the functioning of individual accounts in that its mandatory individual accounts have been defunded to pay for benefits in the associated pay-as-you-go system, while its voluntary individual accounts are fully funded. This paper examines three questions. First, it analyses why the mandatory individual accounts have become defunded and converted largely to notional accounts generally holding little in financial assets, while the voluntary accounts have been fully funded. Second, it examines the merits of funding versus pay-as-you-go financing of pensions in the context of China’s economic and demographic situation. Third, it discusses a policy change to insure the sustainability of financing for the defunded individual accounts. The experience of China, with its two types of individual accounts, and with different outcomes for those accounts, may provide lessons for other countries. View Full-Text
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Chen, T.; Turner, J.A. Social Security Individual Accounts in China: Toward Sustainability in Individual Account Financing. Sustainability 2014, 6, 5049-5064.
Chen T, Turner JA. Social Security Individual Accounts in China: Toward Sustainability in Individual Account Financing. Sustainability. 2014; 6(8):5049-5064.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Tianhong; Turner, John A. 2014. "Social Security Individual Accounts in China: Toward Sustainability in Individual Account Financing." Sustainability 6, no. 8: 5049-5064.