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Sustainability 2014, 6(7), 4470-4496; doi:10.3390/su6074470
Article

Improving Stewardship of Marine Resources: Linking Strategy to Opportunity

1,* , 2
 and 1
Received: 21 May 2014; in revised form: 9 July 2014 / Accepted: 10 July 2014 / Published: 18 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Social Ecology and Sustainability)
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Abstract: The need for improved stewardship of coastal and marine resources is evident worldwide. However, complex ecosystem dynamics, institutional inertia, and budgetary constraints impede such action. This study explores how networks of change-oriented individuals or “institutional entrepreneurs” can introduce new types of human-environment interaction. The focus is on investigating the interplay between the strategies of institutional entrepreneurs and broader system dynamics that shape the context in which they are working, and possible impacts of institutional entrepreneurship on marine governance. We explore these issues in the context of Wakatobi National Park in eastern Indonesia. We suggest that creating links between different social spheres, such as between marine resource management and spirituality or between marine resource management and education, may accelerate the development of a new ecosystem stewardship. We further suggest that the use of media has significant power to show alternative futures, but that media may also serve to objectify certain resource users and increase the complexity of marine resource management. In general, institutional entrepreneurs play an important role in capturing and managing opportunity to open up space for experimentation and novel ideas, for example by linking their ideas to broader political priorities. Yet, such strategies bear the risk of institutional capture. Finally, institutional entrepreneurs sometimes have vested interests in certain solutions that may forsake experimentation toward a sustainable future.
Keywords: Institutional entrepreneurship; marine governance; MPA; ecosystem stewardship; Wakatobi National Park; Coral Triangle Institutional entrepreneurship; marine governance; MPA; ecosystem stewardship; Wakatobi National Park; Coral Triangle
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

von Heland, F.; Clifton, J.; Olsson, P. Improving Stewardship of Marine Resources: Linking Strategy to Opportunity. Sustainability 2014, 6, 4470-4496.

AMA Style

von Heland F, Clifton J, Olsson P. Improving Stewardship of Marine Resources: Linking Strategy to Opportunity. Sustainability. 2014; 6(7):4470-4496.

Chicago/Turabian Style

von Heland, Franciska; Clifton, Julian; Olsson, Per. 2014. "Improving Stewardship of Marine Resources: Linking Strategy to Opportunity." Sustainability 6, no. 7: 4470-4496.


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