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Sustainability 2014, 6(7), 4010-4027; doi:10.3390/su6074010

Conditions for Sustainability of the Elephant Marsh Fishery in Malawi

1
The Polytechnic, Department of Physics and Biochemical Sciences, University of Malawi, Private Bag 303, Chichiri, Blantyre 3, Malawi
2
Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Leiden University, P.O. Box 9518, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
Received: 12 March 2014 / Revised: 12 June 2014 / Accepted: 13 June 2014 / Published: 26 June 2014
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Abstract

The Elephant Marsh, a wetland in Southern Malawi, is important for small-scale fisheries. It is managed by local institutions, which are not formally linked to any state institutions. This paper uses qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) to examine factors for sustainability at 24 fishing villages around the wetland using a hypothesis that “If strong local institutions (with or without government support) exist in an environment where resource users take collective action, and there is no or minimal conflictive interference, small-scale fisheries become sustainable”. It was revealed that the sustainability of small-scale fisheries management at Elephant Marsh relies heavily on the strength of local fisheries’ committees. Future interventions on fisheries management at the resource should, therefore, pay particular attention to protecting and (re)building collective social capital, especially in the leadership of fisheries committees. View Full-Text
Keywords: small-scale fisheries; wetland; sustainability; local institutions; Elephant Marsh; conditions; governance; Malawi small-scale fisheries; wetland; sustainability; local institutions; Elephant Marsh; conditions; governance; Malawi
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Kosamu, I.B.M. Conditions for Sustainability of the Elephant Marsh Fishery in Malawi. Sustainability 2014, 6, 4010-4027.

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