Next Article in Journal
Sustainable Urban Renewal: The Tel Aviv Dilemma
Next Article in Special Issue
A Benchmarking System for Domestic Water Use
Previous Article in Journal
Can Local Institutions Help Sustain Livelihoods in an Era of Fish Declines and Persistent Environmental Change? A Cambodian Case Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Moving Sustainability Forward: Contributions and Outcomes of the 3rd World Sustainability Forum
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2014, 6(5), 2506-2526; doi:10.3390/su6052506

Integration of Wind Energy, Hydrogen and Natural Gas Pipeline Systems to Meet Community and Transportation Energy Needs: A Parametric Study

1
Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe St. North, Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada
2
Change Energy Services, 2070 Hadwen Road, Suite 101A, Mississauga, ON L5K 2C9, Canada
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 February 2014 / Revised: 22 April 2014 / Accepted: 23 April 2014 / Published: 30 April 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [828 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

The potential benefits are examined of the “Power-to-Gas” (P2G) scheme to utilize excess wind power capacity by generating hydrogen (or potentially methane) for use in the natural gas distribution grid. A parametric analysis is used to determine the feasibility and size of systems producing hydrogen that would be injected into the natural gas grid. Specifically, wind farms located in southwestern Ontario, Canada are considered. Infrastructure requirements, wind farm size, pipeline capacity, geographical dispersion, hydrogen production rate, capital and operating costs are used as performance measures. The model takes into account the potential production rate of hydrogen and the rate that it can be injected into the local gas grid. “Straw man” systems are examined, centered on a wind farm size of 100 MW integrating a 16-MW capacity electrolysis system typically producing 4700 kg of hydrogen per day. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen; natural gas; wind turbine; wind farm; NG pipeline; community; transportation; parametric study; straw man system hydrogen; natural gas; wind turbine; wind farm; NG pipeline; community; transportation; parametric study; straw man system
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Garmsiri, S.; Rosen, M.A.; Smith, G.R. Integration of Wind Energy, Hydrogen and Natural Gas Pipeline Systems to Meet Community and Transportation Energy Needs: A Parametric Study. Sustainability 2014, 6, 2506-2526.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top