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Sustainability 2014, 6(5), 2474-2489; doi:10.3390/su6052474

A Comparative Exergoeconomic Analysis of Waste Heat Recovery from a Gas Turbine-Modular Helium Reactor via Organic Rankine Cycles

1
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Daneshgah Street, Tabriz 5166616471, Iran
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Daneshgah Street, Ardabil 5619911367, Iran
3
Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 February 2014 / Revised: 16 April 2014 / Accepted: 22 April 2014 / Published: 30 April 2014
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Abstract

A comparative exergoeconomic analysis is reported for waste heat recovery from a gas turbine-modular helium reactor (GT-MHR) using various configurations of organic Rankine cycles (ORCs) for generating electricity. The ORC configurations studied are: a simple organic Rankine cycle (SORC), an ORC with an internal heat exchanger (HORC) and a regenerative organic Rankine cycle (RORC). Exergoeconomic analyses are performed with the specific exergy costing (SPECO) method. First, energy and exergy analyses are applied to the combined cycles. Then, a cost-balance, as well as auxiliary equations are developed for the components to determine the exergoeconomic parameters for the combined cycles and their components. The three combined cycles are compared considering the same operating conditions for the GT-MHR cycle, and a parametric study is done to reveal the effects on the exergoeconomic performance of the combined cycles of various significant parameters, e.g., turbine inlet and evaporator temperatures and compressor pressure ratio. The results show that the GT-MHR/RORC has the lowest unit cost of electricity generated by the ORC turbine. This value is highest for the GT-MHR/HORC. Furthermore, the GT-MHR/RORC has the highest and the GT-MHR/HORC has the lowest exergy destruction cost rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: gas turbine-modular helium reactor; organic Rankine cycle; exergy; exergoeconomics; SPECO; waste heat utilization gas turbine-modular helium reactor; organic Rankine cycle; exergy; exergoeconomics; SPECO; waste heat utilization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shokati, N.; Mohammadkhani, F.; Yari, M.; Mahmoudi, S.M.S.; Rosen, M.A. A Comparative Exergoeconomic Analysis of Waste Heat Recovery from a Gas Turbine-Modular Helium Reactor via Organic Rankine Cycles. Sustainability 2014, 6, 2474-2489.

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