Sustainability 2014, 6(4), 2338-2356; doi:10.3390/su6042338
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Identifying Legal, Ecological and Governance Obstacles, and Opportunities for Adapting to Climate Change

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Received: 6 March 2014; in revised form: 14 April 2014 / Accepted: 14 April 2014 / Published: 22 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Law for Sustainability)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Current governance of regional scale water management systems in the United States has not placed them on a path toward sustainability, as conflict and gridlock characterize the social arena and ecosystem services continue to erode. Changing climate may continue this trajectory, but it also provides a catalyst for renewal of ecosystems and a window of opportunity for change in institutions. Resilience provides a bridging concept that predicts that change in ecological and social systems is often dramatic, abrupt, and surprising. Adapting to the uncertainty of climate driven change must be done in a manner perceived as legitimate by the participants in a democratic society. Adaptation must begin with the current hierarchical and fragmented social-ecological system as a baseline from which new approaches must be applied. Achieving a level of integration between ecological concepts and governance requires a dialogue across multiple disciplines, including ecologists with expertise in ecological resilience, hydrologists and climate experts, with social scientists and legal scholars. Criteria and models that link ecological dynamics with policies in complex, multi-jurisdictional water basins with adaptive management and governance frameworks may move these social-ecological systems toward greater sustainability.
Keywords: adaptive governance; ecological resilience; water law; sustainability; social-ecological system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cosens, B.; Gunderson, L.; Allen, C.; Benson, M.H. Identifying Legal, Ecological and Governance Obstacles, and Opportunities for Adapting to Climate Change. Sustainability 2014, 6, 2338-2356.

AMA Style

Cosens B, Gunderson L, Allen C, Benson MH. Identifying Legal, Ecological and Governance Obstacles, and Opportunities for Adapting to Climate Change. Sustainability. 2014; 6(4):2338-2356.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cosens, Barbara; Gunderson, Lance; Allen, Craig; Benson, Melinda H. 2014. "Identifying Legal, Ecological and Governance Obstacles, and Opportunities for Adapting to Climate Change." Sustainability 6, no. 4: 2338-2356.

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