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Sustainability 2014, 6(4), 1848-1867; doi:10.3390/su6041848
Article

Differences in Pattern and Driving Forces between Urban and Rural Settlements in the Coastal Region of Ningbo, China

1
 and 2,*
1 Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China 2 College of Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, 1 Wenyuan Road, 210023 Nanjing, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 March 2014 / Revised: 27 March 2014 / Accepted: 28 March 2014 / Published: 9 April 2014
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Abstract

Rapid urbanization on the coast of China has attracted much attention. The objective of this study was to explore the differences in dynamics and related driving forces between urban and rural settlements. Applying the quantitative method, we demonstrate that substantial heterogeneity in settlement growth, landscape pattern metrics, change, land sources and driving forces is exhibited across the different types of urban and rural settlements. The spatial growth of urban settlements is dominated by in situ expansion, while rural settlements tend to be scattered and shrinking rapidly. The sprawl of human settlements has mainly occupied farm land, but reclamation projects are increasingly becoming important land sources for urban settlements. Local government has played a critical role in urban settlements, while the expansion of rural settlements is mainly driven by individual choice and village collective organizations. Such differences may account for differential options for the management of human settlements scientifically.
Keywords: urban settlements; rural settlements; difference; pattern; driving forces; coast urban settlements; rural settlements; difference; pattern; driving forces; coast
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Chen, M.; Ye, C. Differences in Pattern and Driving Forces between Urban and Rural Settlements in the Coastal Region of Ningbo, China. Sustainability 2014, 6, 1848-1867.

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