Sustainability 2014, 6(3), 1567-1593; doi:10.3390/su6031567

The Current Dilemma and Future Path of China’s Electric Vehicles

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Received: 14 January 2014; in revised form: 5 March 2014 / Accepted: 7 March 2014 / Published: 20 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Social Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract: China had set an ambitious development target of electric vehicles (EVs) to mitigate the environmental pollution. However, the actual situation of EVs far lagged behind the goals. This paper analyzes the elements impeding EVs’ development, which are identified into four contributors, including deficient EV subsidy policies, embarrassed EV market, local protectionism, and unmatched charging infrastructure. Based on the actual situation of China, this paper discusses corresponding policy suggestions and explores the alternative roadmap of EVs. In the initial development stage of EVs, it is important to select the appropriate charging mode for EVs according to different characteristics across users. Moreover, the development of hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) may open the EV market faster than battery electric vehicle (BEV). In addition, the low-speed EVs may be a good choice for the rural market and should be well developed. With the promotion of EVs, China central and local governments should make rational policies to promote EVs’ development, which is the crucial force to drive the uptake of EVs.
Keywords: electric vehicle; new energy vehicle; subsidy policy; development path of electric vehicles
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, X.; Rao, R.; Xie, J.; Liang, Y. The Current Dilemma and Future Path of China’s Electric Vehicles. Sustainability 2014, 6, 1567-1593.

AMA Style

Zhang X, Rao R, Xie J, Liang Y. The Current Dilemma and Future Path of China’s Electric Vehicles. Sustainability. 2014; 6(3):1567-1593.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Xingping; Rao, Rao; Xie, Jian; Liang, Yanni. 2014. "The Current Dilemma and Future Path of China’s Electric Vehicles." Sustainability 6, no. 3: 1567-1593.

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