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Sustainability 2014, 6(12), 9398-9417; doi:10.3390/su6129398

Feasibility Analysis of Establishing Multilateral Nuclear Approaches (MNAs) in the Asian Region and the Middle East

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Research Laboratory, Department of Nuclear Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-6, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
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Received: 24 August 2014 / Revised: 6 November 2014 / Accepted: 11 December 2014 / Published: 16 December 2014
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Abstract

To establish frameworks for multilateral nuclear approaches (MNAs), we identified challenges and their possible solutions through case studies proposing to establish three different MNAs, comprising existing states in the Asian region and the Middle East, in accordance with twelve features deemed necessary for establishing MNAs. In all case studies, political instability of MNA member states and the region, as well as political conflicts between MNA member states and other states were seen as challenges hindering the establishment of MNAs. There are no simple measures to overcome such challenges, but additional case-by-case measures, including the direct involvement of international organizations, supplier states and nuclear weapon states, in MNAs, as well as the application of regional safeguards and regional systems of accounting for and control of nuclear material (RSAC) within MNAs, may contribute toward mitigating the political challenges. View Full-Text
Keywords: multilateral nuclear approaches; MNA; nuclear non-proliferation; Asia; Middle East multilateral nuclear approaches; MNA; nuclear non-proliferation; Asia; Middle East
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tazaki, M.; Kuno, Y. Feasibility Analysis of Establishing Multilateral Nuclear Approaches (MNAs) in the Asian Region and the Middle East. Sustainability 2014, 6, 9398-9417.

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