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Sustainability 2014, 6(12), 9218-9230; doi:10.3390/su6129218

Fishprint of Coastal Fisheries in Jalisco, Mexico

1
Biological Sciences Department, Centro Universitario de la Costa, Universidad de Guadalajara, Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco 48280, Mexico
2
Master's Program in Human Ecology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel 1050, Belgium
3
Regional Center of Fisheries Research, National Fisheries Institute, Manzanillo, Colima 28200, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 September 2014 / Revised: 3 December 2014 / Accepted: 5 December 2014 / Published: 12 December 2014
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Abstract

Coastal fisheries contribute to global food security, since fish are an important source of protein for many coastal communities in the world. However, they are constrained by problems, such as weak management of fisheries and overfishing. Local communities perceive that they are fishing less, as in other fisheries in the world. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fisheries sustainability in the Jalisco coast through the fishing footprint, or fishprint (FP), based on the primary productivity required (PPR) and the appropriated surface by the activity (biocapacity). The total catch was 20,448.2 metric tons from 2002–2012, and the average footprint was calculated to be 65,458 gha/year, a figure that quadrupled in a period of 10 years; the biocapacity decreased, and the average trophic level of catches was 3.1, which implies that it has remained at average levels, resulting in a positive balance between biocapacity and ecological footprint. Therefore, under this approach, the fishing activity is sustainable along the coast of Jalisco. View Full-Text
Keywords: trophic level; primary productivity; biocapacity trophic level; primary productivity; biocapacity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bravo-Olivas, M.L.; Chávez-Dagostino, R.M.; López-Fletes, C.A.; Espino-Barr, E. Fishprint of Coastal Fisheries in Jalisco, Mexico. Sustainability 2014, 6, 9218-9230.

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