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Sustainability 2014, 6(11), 7666-7688; doi:10.3390/su6117666

Identification and Characterization of Particulate Matter Concentrations at Construction Jobsites

1
Department of Structural and Construction Engineering, School of Engineering, Federal University of Bahia, Aristides Novis, 2, Federação, Salvador 40210-630, Brazil
2
Department of Structural and Construction Engineering, School of Engineering, Federal University of Bahia, Aristides Novis, 2, Federação, Salvador 40210-630, Brazil
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 September 2014 / Revised: 10 October 2014 / Accepted: 23 October 2014 / Published: 3 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue ZEMCH Research Initiatives: Mass Customisation and Sustainability)
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Abstract

The identification and characterization of particulate matter (PM) concentrations from construction site activities pose major challenges due to the diverse characteristics related to different aspects, such as concentration, particle size and particle composition. Moreover, the characterization of particulate matter is influenced by meteorological conditions, including temperature, humidity, rainfall and wind speed. This paper is part of a broader investigation that aims to develop a methodology for assessing the environmental impacts caused by the PM emissions that arise from construction activities. The objective of this paper is to identify and characterize the PM emissions on a construction site with different aerodynamic diameters (PM2.5, PM10, total suspended particulates (TSP)), based on an exploratory study. Initially, a protocol was developed to standardize the construction site selection criteria, laboratory procedures, field sample collection and laboratory analysis. This protocol was applied on a multifamily residential building construction site during three different construction phases (earthworks, superstructure and finishings) aimed at measuring and monitoring PM concentrations arising from construction activities. The particulate matter was characterized in different particle sizes. Results showed that the higher TSP emissions arising from construction activities provoked environmental impacts. Some limitations to the results were identified, especially with regards the need for a detailed investigation about the influence of different construction phases on PM emissions. The findings provided significant knowledge about various situations, serving as a basis for improving the existing methodology for particulate material collection on construction sites and the development of future studies on the specific construction site phases. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; particulate matter; environmental impacts; construction sites air pollution; particulate matter; environmental impacts; construction sites
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Araújo, I.P.S.; Costa, D.B.; de Moraes, R.J.B. Identification and Characterization of Particulate Matter Concentrations at Construction Jobsites. Sustainability 2014, 6, 7666-7688.

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