Sustainability 2014, 6(1), 436-448; doi:10.3390/su6010436
Article

A Nuclear Third Party Liability Regime of a Multilateral Nuclear Approaches Framework in the Asian Region

Received: 30 October 2013; in revised form: 6 January 2014 / Accepted: 15 January 2014 / Published: 21 January 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: There are two primary challenges for establishing nuclear third party liability (TPL) regimes within multilateral nuclear approaches (MNA) to nuclear fuel cycle facilities in the Asian region. The first challenge is to ensure secure and prompt compensation, especially for transboundary damages, which is also a challenge for a nation-based facility. One possible solution is that in order to share common nuclear TPL principles, all states in the region participate in the same international nuclear TPL convention, such as the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC), with a view to its entry into force in the future. One problem with this approach is that many states in the Asian region need to raise their amount of financial security in order to be able to participate in the CSC. The second challenge lies with the multiple MNA member states and encompasses the question of how decisions are to be made and responsabilities of an installation state are to be shared in case of a nuclear incident. Principally, a host state of the MNA facility takes on this responsibility. However, in certain situations and in agreement with all MNA member states, such responsibilities can be indirectly shared among all MNA member states. This can be done through internal arrangements within the MNA framework, such as reimbursement to a host state based on pre-agreed shares in accordance with investment and/or making deposits on such reimbursements in case of an incident.
Keywords: Multilateral nuclear approach (MNA); nuclear third party liability (TPL); the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tazaki, M. A Nuclear Third Party Liability Regime of a Multilateral Nuclear Approaches Framework in the Asian Region. Sustainability 2014, 6, 436-448.

AMA Style

Tazaki M. A Nuclear Third Party Liability Regime of a Multilateral Nuclear Approaches Framework in the Asian Region. Sustainability. 2014; 6(1):436-448.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tazaki, Makiko. 2014. "A Nuclear Third Party Liability Regime of a Multilateral Nuclear Approaches Framework in the Asian Region." Sustainability 6, no. 1: 436-448.

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