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Critical Omissions and New Directions for Sustainable Tourism: A Situated Macro–Micro Approach
Sustainability 2014, 6(1), 1-17; doi:10.3390/su6010001

Critical Sustainability: Setting the Limits to Growth and Responsibility in Tourism

1 Department of Geography, P.O. Box 3000, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland 2 School of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, P.O. Box 524, Auckland Park, Johannesburg, South Africa 
Received: 6 November 2013 / Revised: 5 December 2013 / Accepted: 6 December 2013 / Published: 19 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Reframing Sustainable Tourism)
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The idea of sustainable development has been discussed in tourism research for almost a quarter of a century. During that time, sustainability has become an important policy framework for tourism and regional developers guiding their planning and development thinking. Sustainability has also emerged academically as an important field of research with an emphasis on defining the limits to growth and responsibilities in tourism. However, while there are urgent needs to incorporate sustainability into tourism, there is also a growing amount of frustration among scholars on the conceptual nature of sustainability and how tourism as a private-driven economic activity relates to the ideals of sustainable development. This has created an increasing need to understand and potentially reframe the concept. The purpose of this paper is to overview the conceptual dimensions of sustainable tourism and discuss some of the main sources of frustration. Based on this, it is concluded that while a conceptual plurality seems to be unavoidable, there is a need to re-frame i.e., rescale and decentralize tourism in policy frameworks and practices aiming towards sustainability.
Keywords: sustainable tourism; responsible tourism; limits to growth; governance sustainable tourism; responsible tourism; limits to growth; governance
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Saarinen, J. Critical Sustainability: Setting the Limits to Growth and Responsibility in Tourism. Sustainability 2014, 6, 1-17.

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