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Global Aquaculture Performance Index (GAPI): The First Global Environmental Assessment of Marine Fish Farming
Seafood Ecology Research Group, School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria, PO Box 1700 STN CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2013; in revised form: 23 August 2013 / Accepted: 23 August 2013 / Published: 17 September 2013
Abstract: “Sustainable” is among the most sought after of all seafood product adjectives. Ironically it is also one of the most poorly defined and understood. The Global Aquaculture Performance Index (GAPI) is the first tool to assess environmental performance of global marine aquaculture production, permitting direct comparison of disparate species, production methods and jurisdictions. Clear patterns emerge from this analysis; significant variation of environmental performance is driven by the species being farmed, significant room for improvement exists across the entire sector, the worst performing players are also the fastest growing, particularly within Asia, and perhaps most importantly, this work highlights the potential trap awaiting policy makers who focus too narrowly on farm production efficiency alone as a solution to diminishing seafood availability.
Keywords: aquaculture; efficiency; marine ecology; performance metrics; seafood; sustainable production
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Volpe, J.P.; Gee, J.L.; Ethier, V.A.; Beck, M.; Wilson, A.J.; Stoner, J.M. Global Aquaculture Performance Index (GAPI): The First Global Environmental Assessment of Marine Fish Farming. Sustainability 2013, 5, 3976-3991.
Volpe JP, Gee JL, Ethier VA, Beck M, Wilson AJ, Stoner JM. Global Aquaculture Performance Index (GAPI): The First Global Environmental Assessment of Marine Fish Farming. Sustainability. 2013; 5(9):3976-3991.
Volpe, John P.; Gee, Jennifer L.; Ethier, Valerie A.; Beck, Martina; Wilson, Amanda J.; Stoner, Jenna M. 2013. "Global Aquaculture Performance Index (GAPI): The First Global Environmental Assessment of Marine Fish Farming." Sustainability 5, no. 9: 3976-3991.