Sustainability 2013, 5(9), 3702-3721; doi:10.3390/su5093702
Article

Integrated Assessment of the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Situation in Haitian Schools in the Time of Emergency

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Received: 25 June 2013; in revised form: 30 July 2013 / Accepted: 22 August 2013 / Published: 29 August 2013
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Abstract: This study examines the water, sanitation and hygiene situation in 42 schools in Haiti after the earthquake of January 12, 2010, by using a comprehensive approach, which includes participatory assessment tools and formal surveys. By conducting a detailed assessment of school water and sanitation infrastructure conditions and of the perceptions of students and professors, a series of recommendations are provided to support further project implementation towards more sustainable results. Direct observations showed that schools lack safe drinking water, appropriate sanitation and hand washing facilities. The main constraints to improve the water, sanitation and hygiene services were found to be related to lack of funding and infrastructure losses after the earthquake. Moreover, hygiene education is commonly not part of the school curriculum. Providing schools with adequate access to water and sanitation facilities and supporting the implementation of hygiene promotion programs, including a disaster risk preparedness plan, can play significant roles for a sustainable recovery phase.
Keywords: earthquake; emergency response; Knowledge; Attitudes and Practices (KAP) assessment; hygiene; schools; education; Haiti
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Giardina, D.; Prandini, F.; Sorlini, S. Integrated Assessment of the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Situation in Haitian Schools in the Time of Emergency. Sustainability 2013, 5, 3702-3721.

AMA Style

Giardina D, Prandini F, Sorlini S. Integrated Assessment of the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Situation in Haitian Schools in the Time of Emergency. Sustainability. 2013; 5(9):3702-3721.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giardina, Daniela; Prandini, Fausta; Sorlini, Sabrina. 2013. "Integrated Assessment of the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Situation in Haitian Schools in the Time of Emergency." Sustainability 5, no. 9: 3702-3721.


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