Sustainability 2013, 5(8), 3328-3345; doi:10.3390/su5083328
Article

Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities

1email and 2,* email
Received: 5 June 2013; in revised form: 12 July 2013 / Accepted: 16 July 2013 / Published: 5 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Cities)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: There is a growing recognition of the need for daily contact with nature, to live happy, productive, meaningful lives. Recent attention to biophilic design among architects and designers acknowledges this power of nature. However, in an increasingly urban planet, more attention needs to be aimed at the urban scales, at planning for and moving towards what the authors call “biophilic cities”. Biophilic cities are cities that provide close and daily contact with nature, nearby nature, but also seek to foster an awareness of and caring for this nature. Biophilic cities, it is argued here, are also sustainable and resilient cities. Achieving the conditions of a biophilic city will go far in helping to foster social and landscape resilience, in the face of climate change, natural disasters and economic uncertainty and various other shocks that cities will face in the future. The paper identifies key pathways by which biophilic urbanism enhances resilience, and while some are well-established relationships, others are more tentative and suggest future research and testing.
Keywords: biophilic cities; sustainable cities; resilient cities
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MDPI and ACS Style

Beatley, T.; Newman, P. Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities. Sustainability 2013, 5, 3328-3345.

AMA Style

Beatley T, Newman P. Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities. Sustainability. 2013; 5(8):3328-3345.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Beatley, Timothy; Newman, Peter. 2013. "Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities." Sustainability 5, no. 8: 3328-3345.


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