Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities
Department of Urban and Environmental Planning, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
Curtin University Sustainability Policy (CUSP) Institute, Curtin University, Fremantle, WA 6160, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 June 2013; in revised form: 12 July 2013 / Accepted: 16 July 2013 / Published: 5 August 2013
Abstract: There is a growing recognition of the need for daily contact with nature, to live happy, productive, meaningful lives. Recent attention to biophilic design among architects and designers acknowledges this power of nature. However, in an increasingly urban planet, more attention needs to be aimed at the urban scales, at planning for and moving towards what the authors call “biophilic cities”. Biophilic cities are cities that provide close and daily contact with nature, nearby nature, but also seek to foster an awareness of and caring for this nature. Biophilic cities, it is argued here, are also sustainable and resilient cities. Achieving the conditions of a biophilic city will go far in helping to foster social and landscape resilience, in the face of climate change, natural disasters and economic uncertainty and various other shocks that cities will face in the future. The paper identifies key pathways by which biophilic urbanism enhances resilience, and while some are well-established relationships, others are more tentative and suggest future research and testing.
Keywords: biophilic cities; sustainable cities; resilient cities
Citations to this Article
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Beatley, T.; Newman, P. Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities. Sustainability 2013, 5, 3328-3345.
Beatley T, Newman P. Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities. Sustainability. 2013; 5(8):3328-3345.
Beatley, Timothy; Newman, Peter. 2013. "Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities." Sustainability 5, no. 8: 3328-3345.