Next Article in Journal
The Nourishing Sea: Partnered Guardianship of Fishery and Seabed Mineral Resources for the Economic Viability of Small Pacific Island Nations
Next Article in Special Issue
Sustainable Development Compromise[d] in the Planning of Metro Vancouver’s Agricultural Lands—the Jackson Farm Case
Previous Article in Journal
The Environmental Impacts of Sprawl: Emergent Themes from the Past Decade of Planning Research
Previous Article in Special Issue
Understanding Resilient Urban Futures: A Systemic Modelling Approach
Sustainability 2013, 5(8), 3328-3345; doi:10.3390/su5083328
Article

Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities

1
 and 2,*
1 Department of Urban and Environmental Planning, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA 2 Curtin University Sustainability Policy (CUSP) Institute, Curtin University, Fremantle, WA 6160, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 June 2013 / Revised: 12 July 2013 / Accepted: 16 July 2013 / Published: 5 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Cities)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [649 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |   Browse Figure

Abstract

There is a growing recognition of the need for daily contact with nature, to live happy, productive, meaningful lives. Recent attention to biophilic design among architects and designers acknowledges this power of nature. However, in an increasingly urban planet, more attention needs to be aimed at the urban scales, at planning for and moving towards what the authors call “biophilic cities”. Biophilic cities are cities that provide close and daily contact with nature, nearby nature, but also seek to foster an awareness of and caring for this nature. Biophilic cities, it is argued here, are also sustainable and resilient cities. Achieving the conditions of a biophilic city will go far in helping to foster social and landscape resilience, in the face of climate change, natural disasters and economic uncertainty and various other shocks that cities will face in the future. The paper identifies key pathways by which biophilic urbanism enhances resilience, and while some are well-established relationships, others are more tentative and suggest future research and testing.
Keywords: biophilic cities; sustainable cities; resilient cities biophilic cities; sustainable cities; resilient cities
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Beatley, T.; Newman, P. Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities. Sustainability 2013, 5, 3328-3345.

View more citation formats

Article Metrics

Comments

Citing Articles

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert