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Remotely Accessible Instrumented Monitoring of Global Development Programs: Technology Development and Validation
Portland State University, Mechanical and Materials Engineering Department, 1930 SW 4th Ave, Suite 400, Portland, OR 97201, USA
Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 777 Atlantic Drive Northwest, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
University of Colorado at Boulder, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, UCB 401, Boulder, CO 80301, USA
Stevens Water Monitoring Inc., 12067 NE Glenn Widing Dr. #106, Portland, OR 97220, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 February 2013; in revised form: 3 July 2013 / Accepted: 23 July 2013 / Published: 2 August 2013
Abstract: Many global development agencies self-report their project outcomes, often relying on subjective data that is collected sporadically and communicated months later. These reports often highlight successes and downplay challenges. Instrumented monitoring via distributed data collection platforms may provide crucial evidence to help inform the sector and public on the effectiveness of aid, and the on-going challenges. This paper presents the process of designing and validating an integrated sensor platform with cellular-to-internet reporting purposely targeted at global development programs. The integrated hardware platform has been applied to water, sanitation, energy and infrastructure interventions and validated through laboratory calibration and field observations. Presented here are two examples: a water pump and a household water filter, wherein field observations agreed with the data algorithm with a linear fit slope of between 0.91 and 1, and an r-squared of between 0.36 and 0.39, indicating a wide confidence interval but with low overall error (i.e., less than 0.5% in the case of structured field observations of water volume added to a household water filter) and few false negatives or false positives.
Keywords: instrumentation; monitoring; evaluation; analytics; internet; data
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MDPI and ACS Style
Thomas, E.A.; Zumr, Z.; Graf, J.; Wick, C.A.; McCellan, J.H.; Imam, Z.; Barstow, C.; Spiller, K.; Fleming, M. Remotely Accessible Instrumented Monitoring of Global Development Programs: Technology Development and Validation. Sustainability 2013, 5, 3288-3301.
Thomas EA, Zumr Z, Graf J, Wick CA, McCellan JH, Imam Z, Barstow C, Spiller K, Fleming M. Remotely Accessible Instrumented Monitoring of Global Development Programs: Technology Development and Validation. Sustainability. 2013; 5(8):3288-3301.
Thomas, Evan A.; Zumr, Zdenek; Graf, Jodi; Wick, Carson A.; McCellan, James H.; Imam, Zachary; Barstow, Christina; Spiller, Kelly; Fleming, Michael. 2013. "Remotely Accessible Instrumented Monitoring of Global Development Programs: Technology Development and Validation." Sustainability 5, no. 8: 3288-3301.