Sustainability 2013, 5(6), 2288-2304; doi:10.3390/su5062288
Article

Adaptation Turning Points in River Restoration? The Rhine Salmon Case

Received: 1 April 2013; in revised form: 4 April 2013 / Accepted: 15 May 2013 / Published: 24 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adaptation or Extinction)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Bringing a sustainable population of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) back into the Rhine, after the species became extinct in the 1950s, is an important environmental ambition with efforts made both by governments and civil society. Our analysis finds a significant risk of failure of salmon reintroduction because of projected increases in water temperatures in a changing climate. This suggests a need to rethink the current salmon reintroduction ambitions or to start developing adaptive action. The paper shows that the moment at which salmon reintroduction may fail due to climate change can only be approximated because of inherent uncertainties in the interaction between salmon and its environment. The added value of the assessment presented in this paper is that it provides researchers with a set of questions that are useful from a policy perspective (by focusing on the feasibility of a concrete policy ambition under climate change). Thus, it offers opportunities to supply policy makers with practical insight in the relevance of climate change.
Keywords: Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar); Rhine river; climate change; water temperature; adaptation turning points
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [871 KB, uploaded 24 May 2013 13:33 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Bölscher, T.; van Slobbe, E.; van Vliet, M.T.; Werners, S.E. Adaptation Turning Points in River Restoration? The Rhine Salmon Case. Sustainability 2013, 5, 2288-2304.

AMA Style

Bölscher T, van Slobbe E, van Vliet MT, Werners SE. Adaptation Turning Points in River Restoration? The Rhine Salmon Case. Sustainability. 2013; 5(6):2288-2304.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bölscher, Tobias; van Slobbe, Erik; van Vliet, Michelle T.; Werners, Saskia E. 2013. "Adaptation Turning Points in River Restoration? The Rhine Salmon Case." Sustainability 5, no. 6: 2288-2304.

Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert