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Sustainability 2013, 5(4), 1480-1500; doi:10.3390/su5041480
Article

CA-Markov Analysis of Constrained Coastal Urban Growth Modeling: Hua Hin Seaside City, Thailand

1,* , 1, 1 and 2
Received: 26 November 2012; in revised form: 25 February 2013 / Accepted: 1 March 2013 / Published: 2 April 2013
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Abstract: Thailand, a developing country in Southeast Asia, is experiencing rapid development, particularly urban growth as a response to the expansion of the tourism industry. Hua Hin city provides an excellent example of an area where urbanization has flourished due to tourism. This study focuses on how the dynamic urban horizontal expansion of the seaside city of Hua Hin is constrained by the coast, thus making sustainability for this popular tourist destination—managing and planning for its local inhabitants, its visitors, and its sites—an issue. The study examines the association of land use type and land use change by integrating Geo-Information technology, a statistic model, and CA-Markov analysis for sustainable land use planning. The study identifies that the land use types and land use changes from the year 1999 to 2008 have changed as a result of increased mobility; this trend, in turn, has everything to do with urban horizontal expansion. The changing sequences of land use type have developed from forest area to agriculture, from agriculture to grassland, then to bare land and built-up areas. Coastal urban growth has, for a decade, been expanding horizontally from a downtown center along the beach to the western area around the golf course, the southern area along the beach, the southwest grassland area, and then the northern area near the airport.
Keywords: land use change; urban expansion; CA-Markov modeling land use change; urban expansion; CA-Markov modeling
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kityuttachai, K.; Tripathi, N.K.; Tipdecho, T.; Shrestha, R. CA-Markov Analysis of Constrained Coastal Urban Growth Modeling: Hua Hin Seaside City, Thailand. Sustainability 2013, 5, 1480-1500.

AMA Style

Kityuttachai K, Tripathi NK, Tipdecho T, Shrestha R. CA-Markov Analysis of Constrained Coastal Urban Growth Modeling: Hua Hin Seaside City, Thailand. Sustainability. 2013; 5(4):1480-1500.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kityuttachai, Kritsana; Tripathi, Nitin K.; Tipdecho, Taravudh; Shrestha, Rajendra. 2013. "CA-Markov Analysis of Constrained Coastal Urban Growth Modeling: Hua Hin Seaside City, Thailand." Sustainability 5, no. 4: 1480-1500.


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