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Sustainability 2013, 5(12), 5391-5415; doi:10.3390/su5125391
Article

Optimizing the Regional Industrial Structure Based on the Environmental Carrying Capacity: An Inexact Fuzzy Multi-Objective Programming Model

 and
*
School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, No. 19, XinJieKouWai Street, HaiDian District, Beijing 100875, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 September 2013 / Revised: 2 December 2013 / Accepted: 5 December 2013 / Published: 13 December 2013
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Abstract

An inexact fuzzy multi-objective programming model (IFMOP) based on the environmental carrying capacity is provided for industrial structure optimization problems. In the IFMOP model, both fuzzy linear programming (FLP) and inexact linear programming (ILP) methods are introduced into a multi-objective programming framework. It allows uncertainties to be directly communicated into the problem solving processing, and it can effectively reflect the complexity and uncertainty of an industrial system without impractical simplification. The two objective functions utilized in the optimization study are the maximum total output value and population size, and the constraints include water environmental capacity, water resource supply, atmospheric environmental capacity and energy supply. The model is subsequently employed in a realistic case for industrial development in the Tongzhou district, Beijing, China. The results demonstrate that the model can help to analyze whether the environmental carrying capacity of Tongzhou can meet the needs of the social economic objectives in the new town plan in the two scenarios and can assist decision makers in generating stable and balanced industrial structure patterns with consideration of the resources, energy and environmental constraints to meet the maximum social economic efficiency.
Keywords: energy; environmental carrying capacity; fuzzy model; industrial structure; multi-objective energy; environmental carrying capacity; fuzzy model; industrial structure; multi-objective
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Wang, W.; Zeng, W. Optimizing the Regional Industrial Structure Based on the Environmental Carrying Capacity: An Inexact Fuzzy Multi-Objective Programming Model. Sustainability 2013, 5, 5391-5415.

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