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Sustainability 2013, 5(12), 5225-5248; doi:10.3390/su5125225
Article

“Festivalisation” of Urban Governance in South African Cities: Framing the Urban Social Sustainability of Mega-Event Driven Development from Below

* ,
,
 and
Institute of Geography, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Kochstraße 4/4, Erlangen 91054, Germany These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 September 2013 / Revised: 31 October 2013 / Accepted: 21 November 2013 / Published: 9 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Mega-Events)
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Abstract

This article is based on field research in two South African host cities of the Men’s Football World Cup 2010 (eThekwini and Johannesburg). The discussed work is part of the research project “Festivalisation” of Urban Governance: The Production of Socio-Spatial Control in the Context of the FIFA World Cup 2010 in South Africa. In the context of mega-events, impacts and changes on urban development can vary on a spectrum of festivalisation between opposing poles, either “driven by the event”, or on the other hand where existing configurations of actors and established policies are “driving the event”. By drawing on a theoretical framework which is inspired by an analytical understanding of urban governance, our assumptions are that (a) different configurations of governance promote different ways of handling the challenges associated to the hosting and (b) that different types of “festivalisation” have different consequences and effects for the lived realities of the residents at a local level. The latter is an arena in which urban governance policies are translated, adapted, renegotiated or rejected. We argue that the bringing together of both spheres (local and metropolitan) provides a profound understanding of the process of mega-event implementation and its relation to urban social sustainability.
Keywords: festivalisation; urban governance; South Africa; Football World Cup; Johannesburg; eThekwini; Durban; urban social sustainability; dis-/order; neighborhood festivalisation; urban governance; South Africa; Football World Cup; Johannesburg; eThekwini; Durban; urban social sustainability; dis-/order; neighborhood
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Fleischer, M.; Fuhrmann, M.; Haferburg, C.; Krüger, F. “Festivalisation” of Urban Governance in South African Cities: Framing the Urban Social Sustainability of Mega-Event Driven Development from Below. Sustainability 2013, 5, 5225-5248.

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