Next Article in Journal
Towards an Integrated Framework for SDGs: Ultimate and Enabling Goals for the Case of Energy
Previous Article in Journal
A Differentiation Framework for Maritime Clusters: Comparisons across Europe
Previous Article in Special Issue
“I’ll Be Home for Christmas”: The Role of International Maasai Migrants in Rural Sustainable Community Development
Sustainability 2013, 5(10), 4106-4123; doi:10.3390/su5104106
Article

Circulating Practices: Migration and Translocal Development in Washington D.C. and Cochabamba, Bolivia

Received: 5 August 2013 / Revised: 7 September 2013 / Accepted: 10 September 2013 / Published: 25 September 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [801 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]

Abstract

Migrant remittances are increasingly seen as a potential form of development in the global South, but the impact of international migration on sending regions is far from straightforward. In this article, I analyze migrant communities of origin in rural Bolivia as dynamic places that are constantly reproduced through connections with other places. I document the movement of migrant practices between Washington D.C. and Cochabamba and the influence of monetary and non-monetary flows on Bolivian cultural practices, politics, and development. I demonstrate how hometown associations and returning migrants have transferred organizational practices and political ideas about development from the United States to rural Bolivia. In addition, I explore migration’s role in struggles over belonging in Cochabamba, focusing on the efforts by migrants in Washington D.C. to stake their claim through transnational houses and collective remittance projects and on recent internal migration from other regions in Bolivia. Finally, I assess the sustainability of migrant-led development in Cochabamba. Although collaboration with migrants can strengthen the local state by providing more resources, it conditions the type of development that can take place and has yet to provide adequate opportunities for returning migrants or young people in rural Bolivia.
Keywords: development; social remittances; migrant transnationalism; citizenship; Bolivia development; social remittances; migrant transnationalism; citizenship; Bolivia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Strunk, C. Circulating Practices: Migration and Translocal Development in Washington D.C. and Cochabamba, Bolivia. Sustainability 2013, 5, 4106-4123.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here

Comments

Cited By

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert