Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Sustainability 2012, 4(6), 1354-1370; doi:10.3390/su4061354
Article

Changes in Local People’s Perceptions of the Sumava National Park in the Czech Republic over a Ten Year Period (1998–2008)

1,2,* , 1 and 1
Received: 2 April 2012; in revised form: 4 May 2012 / Accepted: 13 June 2012 / Published: 19 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Development in Natural Protected Areas)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [947 KB, uploaded 19 June 2012]
Abstract: The Sumava National Park (NP), the largest protected area of its kind in Central Europe, is as interesting as it is problematic (historical development, conflicts between regional development and landscape protection). In order to evaluate the success of the Park’s policies, local park inhabitants’ attitudes were assessed over a ten-year period. Two surveys (N = 181 and N = 200) were conducted in August, 1998 and 2008. The questionnaires consisted of 43 queries from three thematic areas; (a) socio-demographic data, (b) environment and nature conservation, and (c) sustainable tourism and local development. The comparison of the results 1998 with 2008 showed that the Park inhabitants perceived living in the Park as improving and the scheme for nature conservation as either “optimal” or “more strict”. The surveys also showed the loss of job opportunities as the most prevalent local concern. In a cluster analysis based on perceptions of (a) the Park, (b) the environment and (c) Park Administration, subjects were divided into four opinion groups ranging from “optimists” to “grumblers”. The most “positive (optimistic)” group saw little connection between the Park’s existence and job losses, while the most “negative” group saw a strong connection in that regard.
Keywords: protected areas; resident’s attitudes; sustainable management; social climate protected areas; resident’s attitudes; sustainable management; social climate
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Gorner, T.; Najmanova, K.; Cihar, M. Changes in Local People’s Perceptions of the Sumava National Park in the Czech Republic over a Ten Year Period (1998–2008). Sustainability 2012, 4, 1354-1370.

AMA Style

Gorner T, Najmanova K, Cihar M. Changes in Local People’s Perceptions of the Sumava National Park in the Czech Republic over a Ten Year Period (1998–2008). Sustainability. 2012; 4(6):1354-1370.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gorner, Tomas; Najmanova, Klara; Cihar, Martin. 2012. "Changes in Local People’s Perceptions of the Sumava National Park in the Czech Republic over a Ten Year Period (1998–2008)." Sustainability 4, no. 6: 1354-1370.


Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert