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Perspectives on Sustainable Resource Conservation in Community Nature Reserves: A Case Study from Senegal
Instituto Jane Goodall España (IJGE), Zoo de Barcelona, Parc de la Ciutadella, s/n, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Naturelle Communautaire de Dindéfélo (RNCD), Dindéfélo, Kédougou, Senegal
Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Edifici C, Facultat de Ciències, Campus de Bellaterra, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193, Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), Spain
Peace Corps Senegal, B.P. 37, Kédougou (town), Lawol Bandafassi (road to Bandafassi), Senegal
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 August 2012; in revised form: 5 November 2012 / Accepted: 6 November 2012 / Published: 16 November 2012
Abstract: The coalescing of development and conservation has recently given rise to community-based conservation. Under this framework, sustainable livelihood strategies are incorporated into conservation goals on the basis that the integration of local priorities into management guidelines benefits rather than impedes conservation efforts. Consistent with this approach, the Community Nature Reserve of Dindéfélo in Kédougou, Senegal endeavors to protect biodiversity without jeopardizing local people’s reliance on natural resources. In this article we provide evidence that sustainable resource conservation is a very powerful mechanism in redirecting labor and capital away from ecosystem-degrading activities. To do this, we present three examples of projects, aiming to illustrate different ways in which local people’s management and sustainable use of natural resources can be beneficial in terms of biodiversity conservation, socioeconomic development, and human well-being.
Keywords: sustainable development; conservation strategies; community conservation; nature reserve; Senegal
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Pacheco, L.; Fraixedas, S.; Fernández-Llamazares, Á.; Estela, N.; Mominee, R.; Guallar, F. Perspectives on Sustainable Resource Conservation in Community Nature Reserves: A Case Study from Senegal. Sustainability 2012, 4, 3158-3179.
Pacheco L, Fraixedas S, Fernández-Llamazares Á, Estela N, Mominee R, Guallar F. Perspectives on Sustainable Resource Conservation in Community Nature Reserves: A Case Study from Senegal. Sustainability. 2012; 4(11):3158-3179.
Pacheco, Liliana; Fraixedas, Sara; Fernández-Llamazares, Álvaro; Estela, Neus; Mominee, Robert; Guallar, Ferran. 2012. "Perspectives on Sustainable Resource Conservation in Community Nature Reserves: A Case Study from Senegal." Sustainability 4, no. 11: 3158-3179.