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Sustainability 2012, 4(11), 2852-2861; doi:10.3390/su4112852
Case Report

Effect of Improving Environmental Sustainability in Developing Countries by Upgrading Solid Waste Management Techniques: A Case Study

1,†
,
2,†,*  and 1,†
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Architecture, Land and Environment, University of Brescia, via Branze 43, Brescia I-25123, Italy 2 Department of Science and High Technology, Insubria University, Via G.B. Vico 46, Varese I-21100, Italy Vaccari planned, set and supervised the collection of data and, together with V. Torretta, analysed and processed them; C. Collivignarelli supervised the research.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 September 2012 / Revised: 18 October 2012 / Accepted: 19 October 2012 / Published: 26 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Waste Management)
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Abstract

The present research has focused on a contribution to the improvement of solid waste management in a waste collectors’ cooperative located in Brazil (Marcos Moura district, Santa Rita, Paraiba State) through a technical and organizational up-grading. Collection, processing and final disposal of wastes still represent a problem in some regions of Brazil. The proposed strategy foresaw the analysis of the local situation, the evaluation of the cooperative efficiency rate and then the introduction of technical and operational improvements to the service. Besides the technical activity, a social inclusion program was developed in order to include local scavengers (called Catadores) and to improve the social and economic conditions of populations involved in the process. The project also increased their environmental awareness. The workgroup is still monitoring the obtained results in order to check for the achievement of foreseen targets, to plan further improvements and to replicate this experience in other Brazilian areas.
Keywords: waste management; sustainability; collection; scavengers; social aspects waste management; sustainability; collection; scavengers; social aspects
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Vaccari, M.; Torretta, V.; Collivignarelli, C. Effect of Improving Environmental Sustainability in Developing Countries by Upgrading Solid Waste Management Techniques: A Case Study. Sustainability 2012, 4, 2852-2861.

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