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Food Relocalization for Environmental Sustainability in Cumbria
Centre for Technology Strategy, Open University, Milton Keynes MK6 6AA, UK
Department of Sociology, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YT, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 February 2011; Accepted: 10 March 2011 / Published: 20 April 2011
Abstract: In the past decade, many European farmers have adopted less-intensive production methods replacing external inputs with local resources and farmers’ skills. Some have developed closer relations with consumers, also known as short food-supply chains or agro-food relocalization. Through both these means, farmers can gain more of the value that they have added to food production, as well as greater incentives for more sustainable methods and/or quality products, thus linking environmental and economic sustainability. These systemic changes encounter difficulties indicating two generic needs—for state support measures, and for larger intermediaries to expand local markets. The UK rural county of Cumbria provides a case study for exploring those two needs. Cumbria farmers have developed greater proximity to consumers, as a means to gain their support for organic, territorially branded and/or simply ‘local’ food. This opportunity has been an incentive for practices which reduce transport distances, energy costs and other inputs. Regional authorities have provided various support measures for more closely linking producers with each other and with consumers, together developing a Cumbrian food culture. Going beyond the capacity of individual producers, farmer-led intermediaries have maintained distinctive product identities in larger markets including supermarket chains. Although Cumbria’s agro-food relocalization initiatives remain marginal, they counteract the 1990s trend towards delocalization, while also indicating potential for expansion elsewhere.
Keywords: food relocalization; local food networks; food security; environmental sustainability; rural development; Cumbria
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Levidow, L.; Psarikidou, K. Food Relocalization for Environmental Sustainability in Cumbria. Sustainability 2011, 3, 692-719.
Levidow L, Psarikidou K. Food Relocalization for Environmental Sustainability in Cumbria. Sustainability. 2011; 3(4):692-719.
Levidow, Les; Psarikidou, Katerina. 2011. "Food Relocalization for Environmental Sustainability in Cumbria." Sustainability 3, no. 4: 692-719.