Sustainability 2011, 3(2), 469-499; doi:10.3390/su3020469
Article

Advancing Integrated Systems Modelling Framework for Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment

Received: 18 January 2011; in revised form: 17 February 2011 / Accepted: 18 February 2011 / Published: 23 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The need for integrated methodological framework for sustainability assessment has been widely discussed and is urgent due to increasingly complex environmental system problems. These problems have impacts on ecosystems and human well-being which represent a threat to economic performance of countries and corporations. Integrated assessment crosses issues; spans spatial and temporal scales; looks forward and backward; and incorporates multi-stakeholder inputs. This study aims to develop an integrated methodology by capitalizing the complementary strengths of different methods used by industrial ecologists and biophysical economists. The computational methodology proposed here is systems perspective, integrative, and holistic approach for sustainability assessment which attempts to link basic science and technology to policy formulation. The framework adopts life cycle thinking methods—LCA, LCC, and SLCA; stakeholders analysis supported by multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA); and dynamic system modelling. Following Pareto principle, the critical sustainability criteria, indicators and metrics (i.e., hotspots) can be identified and further modelled using system dynamics or agent based modelling and improved by data envelopment analysis (DEA) and sustainability network theory (SNT). The framework is being applied to development of biofuel supply chain networks. The framework can provide new ways of integrating knowledge across the divides between social and natural sciences as well as between critical and problem-solving research.
Keywords: integrated sustainability assessment; life cycle thinking; multi-criteria decision making; stakeholders analysis; data envelopment analysis; agent based modelling; network theory; complexity dynamics; biofuels
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MDPI and ACS Style

Halog, A.; Manik, Y. Advancing Integrated Systems Modelling Framework for Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment. Sustainability 2011, 3, 469-499.

AMA Style

Halog A, Manik Y. Advancing Integrated Systems Modelling Framework for Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment. Sustainability. 2011; 3(2):469-499.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Halog, Anthony; Manik, Yosef. 2011. "Advancing Integrated Systems Modelling Framework for Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment." Sustainability 3, no. 2: 469-499.

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